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Oregon Forensic Investigation

What is Computer Forensics?

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Computer forensics is a highly specialized branch of the broad field known as digital forensics that involves the thorough investigation and analysis of digital data. This process is essential for collecting and presenting evidence in a legal context, with the aim of bringing criminals to justice. The use of scientific methods and techniques gives computer forensics professionals the ability to collect, preserve, and analyze electronic devices and digital information in a meticulous and detail-oriented way. The forensic tools and techniques employed in the practice are designed to retrieve and examine digital data while preserving its validity, ensuring that it remains admissible in court. From examining hard disks and memory sticks to analyzing emails and documents, computer forensics covers a wide range of activities. This discipline plays a critical role in many legal cases, including criminal investigations, intellectual property disputes, and cyber incidents such as ransomware attacks.

Computer forensics involves the application of scientific methods to retrieve and examine digital evidence from computers and other digital devices. There are various types of criminal computer forensics, and the top five are:


1. Network Intrusion Investigations: This type of forensic investigation focuses on identifying and tracing the source of unauthorized access to a network.


2. Digital Fraud Investigations: A digital fraud investigation involves identifying cases of fraudulence carried out using computers or other digital devices.


3. Intellectual Property Theft Investigations: This type of forensic investigation is used to identify cases of theft of intellectual property such as copyrighted materials, trade secrets, and more.


4. Child Exploitation Investigations: Child exploitation investigations play an essential role in detecting and prosecuting individuals who are involved in the production and distribution of child pornography.


5. Financial Crime Investigations: Financial crime forensic investigation focuses on uncovering financial crimes such as money laundering, embezzlement, and fraud.


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